Walking is wonderful but it will not improve all four aspects of fitness which all begin with the letter S:
Exercise! exercise! exercise! what do these words conjure up? The gym, sweat, leotards, slimming, living longer, getting fitter, obesity, cancer, diabetes, heart disease. Take more exercise is the general advice but how should this be done easily, enjoyably and cheaply? Daily walking as the answer hardly gets a look-in when the different options are considered, but it is the simplest, most freely available, and medically by far the best of all possible answers. Walking is the way mankind has kept fit for purpose ever since evolutionary times. The reasons why we don’t do it enough in developed countries now is because we have made it just too easy NOT to do it. This book sets a challenge, which you can easily achieve – to walk 1,000,000 EXTRA steps between 2009 and 2013 – revolutionising your daily life, your health, and your carbon footprint.
The Actual Rate of Decline is faster than the Best Possible Rate of Decline, that is the rate of decline due solely to the ageing process and the difference between the two is the Fitness Gap. Both the point at which physical decline starts, and the rate at which it proceeds is for the first few decades determined by loss of fitness, and loss of fitness is determined by social factors, namely by the decisions people make about their life and the pressures which influence them decreases
Osteoporosis, a debilitating condition caused by the loss of bone mineral, makes the bone susceptible to fracture, especially at the hip, wrist and spine. It is most common in menopausal women as the decline in oestrogen levels leads to an increase in the normal rat of mineral loss from bone.