Exercise! exercise! exercise! what do these words conjure up? The gym, sweat, leotards, slimming, living longer, getting fitter, obesity, cancer, diabetes, heart disease. Take more exercise is the general advice but how should this be done easily, enjoyably and cheaply? Daily walking as the answer hardly gets a look-in when the different options are considered, but it is the simplest, most freely available, and medically by far the best of all possible answers. Walking is the way mankind has kept fit for purpose ever since evolutionary times. The reasons why we don’t do it enough in developed countries now is because we have made it just too easy NOT to do it. This book sets a challenge, which you can easily achieve – to walk 1,000,000 EXTRA steps between 2009 and 2013 – revolutionising your daily life, your health, and your carbon footprint.
A system is a set of activities with a common set of objectives and an annual report. For each objective one or more criteria are identified to measure progress or the lack of it and for each objective standards have been agreed and there are three standards:
Erewhon has a population of 5 million people. It is a population with an age distribution typical of most developed countries with about 15% of the population over the age of 65, and the population is ageing. Most live in cities, with two big cities each with a medical school, and city living is increasing and there are some thriving towns and some depressed industrial areas and large sparsely populated rural areas.
For decades to come need and demand will increase faster than the resources available. Society will need to maximise value from the resources it allocates for public services including healthcare and to do this ten questions need to be addressed
There is a negative, over pessimistic view of old age and older people. This derives partly from a failure to understand how many of the problems of old age are preventable and are not due to the ageing process. Poverty, for example, leads many people to withdraw from society but it is not a consequence of ageing. It is a consequence of social inequality and injustice. Some individuals can retain a positive attitude in the face of the these negative pressures but this requires resilience and a definitely decision to think positively about one’s position, capabilities and potential.